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Lesson 3 – Building your Vocabulary

Perhaps, you need to go to the INS to fill out some forms. Here are some terms you would see if you were to fill out an application to register for permanent residence. Many of these words have other meanings, but these are the usages you will see on INS forms and other legal documents.


To be cited.
To be summoned to appear in court. The police could cite you for littering if you throw trash out of your car.

To be indicted.
To be charged with a crime. Richard Hayward was indicted for espionage when he was caught selling U.S. documents to a foreign government.

A law or regulation, usually passed by a local government. The city council passe an ordinance permitting the use of marijuana by cancer patients.

A person who is or will be the recipient of something of value from someone who has died. Harold and Gerry were the sole beneficiaries of their mother’s modest estate.

Treatment to help someone return to regular, acceptable, or normal behavior or abilities. Recovery from drug abuse or physical injuries. It was d ifficult to convince the governor that Sa m had been successfully rehabilitated and wa s ready to leave jail and return to society .

A lesser penalty than what a court originally suggested. Thinking that Ralph Smith had suffered enough for the crime he committed, the judge granted him clemency and gave him a shorter prison sentence.

A pardon given to a large group of individuals. The government granted amnesty to all illegal immigrants who had come to work in the fields .

To obtain, to buy, to take possession of something of value. Professor Hodges wanted to procure some ancient artifacts before returning from his sabbatical in Africa.

To engage in.
To become involved in something, to do something. Teresa would never engage in illegal activities, even if she disagreed with a law.

To conspire.
To plan together in secret to do harm. Kathy and Jane conspired to make Mary look foolish.

To solicit.
To ask for something of value, usually money. Raymond got a job soliciting money for his political party.

To sabotage.
To destroy or cause to fail. The lab technician sabotaged the experiment by deliberately mixing up the samples.

Spying. Espionage was a common practice during the Cold War, and it still is today.

To be in close connection. The local television stations are all affiliated with major networks.

To persecute.
To harass, to cause someone to suffer because of a belief. Many people have come to the United States because they were persecuted in their countries.

To incite.
To move to action, to cause. The Prime Minister’s latest announcement incited the protesting crowd to become violent.

A false claim, trick; a liar or imposter. Sam Jameson created a false medical license and began practicing medicine until he was exposed as a fraud.

A document that gives up a right or grants unusual permission to someone else. Juan signed a waiver giving his doctor the right to send his medical records to his insurance company.

Having legal guardianship of a child or children, often part of a divorce settlement. When the Camerons divorced, Mrs. Cameron received custody of both children, and her husband won weekend visitation rights.

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