We have learnt about Present Simple and Present Continous. In this lesson we will learn how to differentiate the two tenses in use.
1. Sometimes or Now?
|We use the Present Simple for repeated actions.”He works at the local TV station” means that he does it again and again, he works everyday.
It always rains at the weekend.
|We use the Present Continous for something happening now.”He is reporting about the bad weather” means that John is in the middle of a live broadcast.
It‘s raining at the moment.
2. Thoughts, feelings and states
We normally use the Present Simple to talk about thoughts and feelings.
I think it’s a good programme.
Kitty likes her job.
We also use Present Simple to talk about states and permanent facts.
Cakes tastes really sweet.
Paper burns easily.
We also use the Present Simple in I promise, I agree, I refuse, etc.
I promise I’ll write to you.
It’s alright. I forgive you.
3. Permanent or Temporary?
|We use the Present Simple for a routine or situation that we see as permanent.
I work at a sport shop. It’s a permanent job.
|We use the Present Continuous for a routine or situation that we see a temporary (for a short period).
I‘m working at a sports shop for six weeks.
Always with the Present Simple means “every time”.
Tom always invites us to stay at Christmas.
I always make silly mistakes in exams.
|We can use always with the Present Continuous to
mean “very often”, usually with the added
meaning of “too often”.
Tom is always inviting friends here.
I am always making silly mistakes.